The search phaseIn today’s Information Age, there is much which can be learned about a wide variety of spiritual paths. The curious will easily find more than enough to satisfy their curiosity. The step beyond curiosity is “investigation,” and the most fruitful form of investigation is through personal experience. If one wants to know, for example, about ayurvedic massage, he goes to an Ayurvedic center and has one. The Eiffel Tower is known by seeing it; a mango by tasting it. If you would like to know Kriya Yoga, you will want to experience the techniques of Self-realization and evaluate for yourself their effects on your consciousness and your daily life. Here are some suggestions for how you can become familiar with these teachings and with the Kriya masters.
Study the Teachings of Self-RealizationKriya Yoga belongs to a body of teachings which in India is called Sanatan Dharma, and which Yogananda called “Self-realization.” In his book The Hindu Way of Awakening, Swami Kriyananda describes:
“Sanatan Dharma, rightly understood, is rooted in the foundations of the universe. As a teaching, it excludes no practice that is designed to ennoble and uplift the mind, to awaken selfless love in the heart, to inspire longing for the truth, to loosen the bonds of egotism and selfishness, and to deepen our awareness of what is as opposed to what merely appears to be.
“Put more simply still, the goal of Sanatan Dharma is twofold: the upliftment of human consciousness, on the one hand, and the expansion of our self-identity through love, on the other, that we embrace all life and all reality as our own. Any practice that inspires people in this direction, even if it doesn’t define the goal so specifically, belongs rightfully within the domain of Sanatan Dharma.”
The following books give you both an idea and a feeling for this approach to enlightenment:
- Autobiography of a Yogi (original edition), by Paramhansa Yogananda
- The Essence of Self-Realization, by Paramhansa Yogananda, compiled by Swami Kriyananda
- Awaken to Superconsciousness, by Swami Kriyananda
- The Art and Science of Raja Yoga, by Swami Kriyananda
- Man’s Eternal Quest; The Divine Romance; Journey to Self-realization, by Paramhansa Yogananda
Books about Yogananda
- The Path: Autobiography of a Western Yogi, by Swami Kriyananda
- Conversations with Yogananda, by Swami Kriyananda
- God Alone, by and about Sister Gyanamata
- The Flawless Mirror, by Kamala Silva
Audio/Video PresentationsThere are many classes and conferences given by Swami Kriyananda and other Ananda teachers on the subjects of Kriya Yoga and the life and teachings of Paramhansa Yogananda. You can see these offerings in Ananda Sangha’s Catalog.
Learn and Practice the Basic Techniques on the Path of Kriya YogaThe two basic techniques which Yogananda teaches can be learned and practiced by anyone, of any faith, on any path. These techniques bring spiritual and practical benefits to everyone, and are even recommended by some doctors as an aid to improving a wide variety of physical and mental/emotional conditions. The Technique of Concentration chosen by Yogananda is an ancient and well-known practice used widely throughout India. It uses the observation of the breath in conjunction with a mantra to quiet the mind and focus it at a single point. As a youth, Yogananda would practice this technique for up to eight hours a day. Experience and expertise in this technique are necessary for the successful practice of the more advanced technique of Kriya, which requires a high degree of concentration. The Energization Exercises were developed by Yogananda initially as a means by which the boys at his Ranchi school in India could focus their youthful energies and develop their will power. Yogananda called this practice the “Tissue-Will System of Body and Mind Perfection.” It consists of thirty-nine exercises which are to be practiced twice each day, in a specific order. Their practice takes about twelve minutes, and furnishes the body tissues, muscles and organs with fresh, vital energy (prana), while at the same developing will power and concentration. While the physical benefits of these exercises are important for “keeping the body temple fit for God-realization,” their primary benefit is that their practice strengthens the will power, which is the cornerstone of the science of Raja Yoga, and an essential tool for the proper practice of Kriya.
“Will power is what makes you divine. When you give up using that will, you become a mortal man…If you continuously use your will power, no matter what reverses come, it will produce success and health and power to help people, and above all, it will produce communion with God.” —Paramhansa Yogananda
Learn in person or through study guide materialsYou can learn these practices at Ananda Assisi and at many of the Ananda meditation groups in Europe. If you are able to learn them in person, you will benefit from the interaction with the teacher and the other students. After learning the techniques, you can deepen your study through written, audio and video materials. The basic courses offered through Ananda which will help you get started on the path of Kriya are:
- Lessons in Self-Realization (contains both practices)
- The Art and Science of Raja Yoga
- Awaken to Superconsciousness
- Guided Energization Exercises, DVD of Swami Kriyananda
- Guided Energization Exercises, in English: CD of Swami Kriyananda, also available in German
- Meditation Techniques of Paramhansa Yogananda, Eight Lessons with Swami Kriyananda, DVD/CD/MP3/booklet
Satsang and Spiritual EnvironmentWhen young Mukunda (Yogananda’s boyhood name) felt in need of spiritual inspiration and support, he would go to his father’s room and meditate with him. (His father was a direct disciple of Lahiri Mahasaya and a devoted Kriya practitioner.) Or he would go around the corner to visit “the levitating saint,” or invite some of his spiritual friends to join him in his attic “cave” for periods of meditation together. Satsang, which means being in the company of people who share your ideals, is declared by all the masters to be the foremost aid for spiritual progress. As Yogananda often said: “Environment is stronger than will power.” It is of enormous benefit to meditate with others, especially those who are dedicated to the path you have chosen. Regular visits to Ananda communities brings you in contact with people who have been following the path for many years, and gives you a strong spiritual recharge. Participating in a meditation group close to your home is another important way to magnetize your own practices. Look on our website to see if there is an Ananda group near you.
Virtual SatsangIn India, people go to great lengths to visit the saints or holy images in a temple, in order to have their darshan, which means to be in inner contact with the transforming vibrations of the holy person or place. Those who are able to renounce their worldly activities will often stay at the feet of a sage or in the vicinity of a temple, because of the magnetic effect that such closeness has on their spiritual practices. There is no doubt that daily “satsang” is one of the surest ways to make rapid spiritual progress. We are fortunate in this technological age to be able to bring the presence of spiritually-advanced people right into our homes, through audio and visual recordings, as well as through their writings and music. Ananda Sangha has video recordings of Yogananda, and both video and audio recordings of many of Swami Kriyananda’s talks, some of them in series of short talks (15-20 minutes) which can be watched on DVD and through the computer or listened to in CD and MP3 formats. Thus one can conveniently benefit from daily satsang. (A catalog of these satsangs and other study materials is available at Ananda and online.
Discipleship InitiationAfter you have had some experience with the teachings and techniques of the path of Kriya, and if you feel a deep inward connection with the masters of Kriya Yoga, you will want to explore the guru-disciple relationship, which is explained in the next chapter. Discipleship initiation ceremonies are available on request at Ananda Assisi and through some of the meditation groups.
Establish a Regular Meditation Routine at HomeYour discipleship initiation heralds the next phase of your spiritual journey, during which you will prepare yourself more specifically for Kriya Initiation. A careful preparation is very important, as Yogananda says:
“Kriya Yoga is not given until the devotee has practiced other highly advanced techniques first, preparing his mind for the greater blessing of that highest technique. Experience has shown me the necessity of this general rule. It is very good to have devotion. Devotion plus determined effort in the right direction, cannot fail to take you to the goal you are seeking.”Before receiving the more advanced techniques, you will want to establish a regular daily practice, dedicating two periods each day to the Energization Exercises and the Hong-Sau concentration technique. When you are relatively solid in your daily routine, you can continue with the Kriya Preparation courses.